India successfully test-fires Dhanush, Prithvi-II missiles

Balasore: In an exercise to further sharpen its missile teeth, India on Friday successfully test-fired two indigenously developed, nuclear capable ballistic missiles, both having a strike range of 350 kms, from separate locations off the Orissa coast.
While 'Dhanush' was flight tested from a naval ship in the Bay of Bengal at a spot between Paradip and Puri at 1005 hours, 'Prithvi-II' surface-to-surface ballistic missile was test-fired at around 11 hours from a mobile launcherat launch complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur, 15 km from here.
"It was a fantastic launch. Both the missions, carried out from different locations off Orissa coast, were fully successful," ITR Director S P Dash said.
"Both the missiles are under production after successful completion of developmental trials and have been inducted into the Armed Forces," said a scientist of Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO), maintaining that the launches this morning were "part of regular training exercise".
"The trajectory of both the missiles, with advanced navigation and guidance systems, were monitored by a widespread tracking network consisting of radars, telemetry and electro-optical systems spread over land and sea," he said.
A similar training exercise, comprising both Dhanush and Prithvi-II were successfully conducted in a "salvo mode" off Orissa coast on March 27, 2010.
Dhanush, which is also known as the naval version of Prithvi, is a liquid-propellant single-stage missile. It has a pay load capacity of 500 kg and capable of carrying both nuclear as well as conventional warheads. The missile can hit both sea and shore-based targets with pin-point accuracy.
It is 10 metres long, one metre in diameter and weighs six tonnes.
Referring to Prithvi-II, a DRDO scientist said the test firing of the surface-to-surface missile, which has already been inducted into Armed Forces, was a routine trial conducted by the personnel of Strategic Force Command (SFC).
"The trial was conducted in the presence of senior officials as part of routine training exercises," sources said.
Prithvi, the first missile developed under India’s prestigious Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP), has proved its robustness and accuracy repeatedly during many trials earlier since the first trial conducted in 1988.
Prithvi missiles, equipped with sophisticated guidance systems, have reached the specified targets with very high degree of accuracy during its earlier launches.
"Randomly picked up from routine production lot during earlier user's trial by the Army, the surface-to-surface missile has achieved single-digit accuracy reaching close to zero circular error probability (CEP)," said a defence source.
With a length of nine metres and a diameter of one meter, Prithvi-II uses an advanced inertial navigation system with ability to manoeuvre trajectory.
The missile having the features to deceive anti- ballistic missile systems, is powered by two liquid propellant engines and can carry a warhead of 500 kgs.